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No. 1/1989

Contents of no. 1/1989

Cover picture: Label from a packet of tobacco used by the firm of Herzog & Scheffer, Nürnberg, dated 1829, from Elias Erasmus (Paul Otto/Hans H. Bockwitz): Alte Tabakzeichen. Berlin 1924, pl. 2, No. 2).

From the editor

Edgar Ring:
Report of the meeting in Uelzen

Martin Kügler:
Clay pipes made by the Dorn family

Matthias Seeliger:
Clay-pipe makers from the region of the present GDR


Fred Tymstra:
International Clay-Pipe Research - The "Pijpelogische Kring Nederland"

Recent publications




No. 1/1989, p. 2
Edgar Ring: Report of the meeting in Uelzen

The second meeting on clay-pipe research was held in the Schloss Holdenstedt Museum, Uelzen, on 15th April 1989. M. Kügler presented a paper on "Clay Pipes made by the Dorn Family", Grenzhausen, Westerwald, describing many examples of 18th century clay pipes (KnasterKOPF No. 1/1989, p. 3-16). M. Seeliger gave an account of "Clay-Pipe Makers from the Region of the Present GDR" and listed 40 places where clay pipes were manufactured (KnasterKOPF No. 1/1989, p. 17-24). E. Legahn used clay pipes found in Lüneburg to document the lively trade that existed between Holland and N. Germany. The participants expressed a general wish that papers on clay pipes should be published in a special periodical. This soon led to the establishment of the publication "KnasterKOPF - Mitteilungen für Freunde irdener Pfeifen".




No. 1/1989, p. 3-16
Martin Kügler: Clay pipes made by the Dorn family

The name "PETER/DORNI" on clay-pipe stems is shown to be a false name. This name originated from a clay-pipe maker called Peter Dorn, who worked in Grenzhausen, Westerwald, in the 18th century. Genealogical research on this much branched family of clay-pipe makers found several members of the family with the name of Peter Dorn. However, it is still not known which of them gave their name to the "DORNI pipes". Finds at sites of clay-pipe factories provide good evidence of a considerable number of Dorns who made clay pipes: Jacob Heinrich Dorn, Wilhelm Dorn, Peter Dorn (II), Johannes Dorn and the Dorn brothers (Peter (III), Johannes and Johannes Heinrich Dorn). Apart from pipes marked with "PETER DORNI", pipes are found with such inscriptions as "PETER DORZI" and "WILEM DORNI". These are interpreted as having been used by other pipe makers in Germany and abroad who tried to "cash in" on the popularity of Peter Dorn pipes.

"Peter Dorni" pipes
from Grenzhausen, Westerwald,
second half of 18th century


No. 1/1989, p. 17-25
Matthias Seeliger: Clay-pipe makers from the region of the present GDR

The first survey of historical documents and publications in this field has identified 40 towns and villages in which clay pipes where made in the area of the present German Democratic Republic (GDR). It is noticeable that concentrations of clay-pipe makers existed in the area west of Magdeburg (Weferlingen, Salbeck, Harbke, Halberstadt) and in Saxony (Grimma, Leisnig, Borna, Königsbrück, Kötzschenbroda, Waldenburg), but no evidence was found of any direct connections between the different pipe makers. North of Berlin evidence was found of scattered clay-pipe factories (Hagenow, Lübz, Waren, Burgstargard, Friedland). The information obtainable is often restricted to the mere mention of a clay-pipe factory. More detailed information is sometimes available, i.e. the oldest description of a clay-pipe factory in Germany dated 1723 from Harbke, and about the more important production sites such as Grimma. It was noted that information contained in the technical literature, trade lexicons and accounts of travels of the 18th and 19th centuries that were evaluated was sometimes contradictory and was sometimes incorporated, clearly uncritically, from other sources.

Älteste bekannte Beschreibung der Tonpfeifenherstellung




No. 1/1989, p. 26
Fred Tymstra: International Clay-Pipe Research - The "Pijpelogische Kring Nederland"

Clay-pipe research has a long tradition in the Netherlands. The organ of the Pijpelogische Kring Nederland (PKN) has the same name and consists of four issues per year; it also holds an annual "pijpendag". The interests of its members range from archaeological material to documentary and literature research and even to collecting relicts from clay-pipe factories that have closed down relatively recently. The most important product of the work done by the PKN is a summary of Dutch clay-pipe towns and their products (De kleipijp als bodemvondst. Beknopt overzicht van tien jaar onderzoek naar de belangrijkste pijpenmakerscentra in de 17de een 18 eeuw. Onder redaktie van Fred Tymstra en Jan van der Meulen uitg. door de Pijpelogische Kring Nederland. Leiden 1988).


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