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Contents of no. 10/1997

Cover picture: Title vignette from J.G.H.: Das beliebte und gelobte Kräutlein Toback, ... Chemnitz 1719.

Bernd Standke:
Clay-pipe production in Grimma, Saxony

Walter Morgenroth:
A pipe bowl of "siderolith"

Uwe Fiedler:
Two pipe bowls and a stem fragment from Lebus on the R. Oder

Rüdiger Articus:
Pipes from Altona

Zacharias Conrad von Uffenbach:
Remarkable Journeys


Book reviews

Recent publications



No. 10/1997, p. 1-51
Bernd Standke: Clay-pipe production in Grimma, Saxony

First, a critical review is given of the relevant information in 18th and 19th century technological literature, which documents the economic importance of clay-pipe production for the town of Grimma. Production started here at the end of the 17th century and continued until the middle of the 19th century. Many groups of finds and individual finds in Grimma are described for the first time.

Pipe with heel, product of pipe maker
Johann Gottfried Gräfe in Grimma,
end of 18th century

They are predominately from local factories; some can be ascribed to individual pipe makers. It is possible with the help of lists of inhabitants to determine the locations of the pipe factories in the town. A kiln that was used for firing clay pipes has already been excavated but at this stage can only be mentioned, since the institution responsible for the excavation has not completed their evaluation of the material found at the dig. Imports from the Netherlands or German towns other than Grimma seem to be rare amongst the finds. The material reflects the clay-pipe production of this centre within the period mentioned above, and this will assist in determining the provenance of certain fragments found elsewhere.



Werbeanzeige eines Pfeifenbäckers









No. 10/1997, p. 51-56
Walter Morgenroth: A pipe bowl of "siderolith"

A pipe bowl or stub-stemmed pipe is described that is made from brown coloured clay similar in appearance to the fine earthenware developed by Josiah Wedgwood in England. In view of the inscription "13 Leyhn" on the neck of the bowl, the pipe can be ascribed to the earthenware factory of Philipp Eugenius Leyhn in Pirna, Saxony. It was probably produced around 1830. In 1812, Leyhn obtained a concession to manufacture tobacco pipes in Wermsdorf. In 1815 he established a larger ceramics factory in Pirna and produced mainly pipe bowls of fine earthenware, which could be made in any of a variety of colours. Characteristic is the mostly unglazed, finely grained and often varnished surface. Products made of this material, which closely resembles fine earthenware, was marketed under the name "siderolith". The Schiller & Gerbing ceramics factory established in 1829 in Bohemia used this name for their products and also manufactured tobacco pipes of coloured earthenware, which are often mistaken for Turkish pipe bowls or stub-stemmed pipes.







Pipe with heel,
back of bowl marked WS
(Weissenspring ?),
end of 18th century

No. 10/1997, p. 56-59
Uwe Fiedler: Two pipe bowls and a stem fragment from Lebus on the R. Oder

Excavations in Lebus yielded fragments of 18th century clay pipes, which may originate from the Prussian pipe factory at Rostin. However, it is more likely that they were imported from Weissenspring, which is mentioned in the inscription on the stem.









No. 10/1997, p. 59 ff.
Rüdiger Articus: Pipes from Altona

A number of clay-pipe fragments have now been found to support documentary evidence that pipe makers worked in Altona. Two pipe stems bear inscriptions stating the name of the pipe maker, who started clay-pipe making in Altona in 1777, and other stems only bear the place name. However, several unnamed pipe bowls with a typical decoration can, by comparison with named fragments, be identified as products from Altona.

Clay pipe made by Johann Jakob Hoffkamp in Altona, last quarter of 18th century






Figur eines Rauchapparates

No. 10/1997, p. 63-66
Zacharias Conrad von Uffenbach : Remarkable Journeys

Zacharias Conrad von Uffenbach (1683-1734), a Frankfurt patrician, undertook several journeys through Germany and the neighbouring countries at the beginning of the 18th century. In the account of his travels, which was published posthumously, he describes a most unusual smoking apparatus that be saw in December 1709 in Helmstedt in the collection of curiosities belonging to an abbot by the name of Schmidt.

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